Call for Papers: Special Issue of International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research on Intersectionality and Entrepreneurship
Dr Amal Abbas, Cairo University
Dr Janice Byrne, IESEG School of Management, Paris
Professor Laura Galloway, Heriot-Watt University
Laura Jackman, Heriot-Watt University
The sophistication of our understanding of the diversity of entrepreneurial experience is growing, and this call seeks to develop some of the emerging areas of interest. In particular, the special issue seeks to attract papers on intersectionality and entrepreneurship as a research topic. The concept of intersectionality highlights the complexity of social identity, and recognizes the overlap and blurring of identities that may occur. Since the seminal work of Crenshaw (1989) and Hill Collins’ (2000) on the experiences of black women, researchers have explored multiple social identities – gender, race, social class, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability – and how they intersect and overlap to create a whole identity. Research efforts that embrace intersectionality reveal interconnections among systems of oppression and the implications they have for how individuals experience disadvantage.
Entrepreneurship is a highly democratic activity (Pavey, 2006), characterised by “dynamism, ambiguity, discontinuity, uniqueness and innovation” (Howarth et al, 2005, p.25). Its potential for ‘emancipation’ has been emphasized (Rindova et al, 2009). Since anyone can trade, on face value, anyone can be an entrepreneur. The opportunity to work for oneself can represent an opportunity to engage with an employment mode that suits particular life circumstances, or might afford an (entrepreneurial) identity more attractive than other work-based identities. However, whiteness and masculinity continue to provide intangible resources to entrepreneurial legitimacy (Martinez Dy, et al., 2016). While studies of entrepreneurial diversity are increasing, to date, there has been little engagement with the challenges of intersectionality as a focus of study, nor on the experiences of entrepreneurs for whom intersecting identities form their everyday reality. In addition, most studies addressing entrepreneurial diversity, as for entrepreneurship generally, focus on the experiences in Western contexts.
So rather than seeking universal explanations for entrepreneurship, this special issue seeks papers that focus on the uniqueness of the venturing experience. This might include inspection of the motivations, experiences and challenges faced by those who operate ventures in the social world they inhabit, and indeed, those who may challenge that social world and its structures by becoming entrepreneurs and by the way they operate their firms.
Papers on definitions of value and success for different groups are welcome, as are papers on entrepreneurship as differently experienced depending on social class, wealth (and poverty) status, race, location in the world. Papers on the effects of national, social and religious cultures in terms of whether to venture, the experiences of those who do, and the outcomes for entrepreneurs and their ventures would also be revealing. Additionally, parenthood and family might be further explored when investigating the intersection of class/gender/ethnicity etc and the experiences of entrepreneurs. This group of potential topics is not exhaustive, and we welcome alternative interpretations and perspectives on intersectionality as it affects and is affected by entrepreneurship.
It is anticipated that this special issue will attract papers based on qualitative studies. We do not seek to exclude quantitative studies and welcome their inclusion, but in terms of exploring intersectionality and entrepreneurship the how and why questions emerge. Increasingly studies of identity are underpinned by the notion that identity is performed and understood as narratives. These narratives emerge not only amongst individuals as they shape and construct their identities, but also by cultures, structures and societies as they shape and categorise the human experience. It is within these contexts that we all live and this special issue seeks to explore the extent to which dominant narratives about the lives of – for example women – affect behaviour and experiences. There is also opportunity to inspect if entrepreneurship challenges or reproduces these narratives.
Submission Guidelines: We invite both theoretical and empirical papers that explore the institutional context and their outcomes. All submissions are subject to the standard double-blind review process. Manuscripts must be original, unpublished works not concurrently under review for publication at another outlet and are expected to follow the standard formatting guidelines for the journal. Submission must be made though the ScholarOne site at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ijebr by 30th November 2017. Submissions should be prepared according to the Author Guidelines found at http://emeraldgrouppublishing.com/products/journals/author_guidelines.htm?id=ijebr. When submitting your manuscript, please ensure you select this special issue from the relevant drop down menu on page four of the submission process. Reviews, drafts and outcomes will be conducted through early to mid-2018, with publication for those accepted expected to be early 2019.
ECSB in collaboration with ISBE invites both new and more established scholars to attend a forthcoming ‘Confreat’ (conference/retreat) on 11th to 13th of July 2018 at the Aarhus University, Denmark.
The primary focus of this event is to support participants in the development of their working papers for a conference or journal publication. This will mainly take place through feedback on papers and guidance from a prestigious team of established entrepreneurship academics, with both qualitative and quantitative research backgrounds. During the two-day event, participants will:
- Receive personalised feedback and guidance on their working papers.
- Reflect upon the theoretical contributions of their research in the area of gender and enterprise.
- Engage with a unique network of scholars in the area of gender and entrepreneurship.
The idea for a confreat emerged from a desire to provide a unique space where the rigour of an academic conference was combined with the supportive and encouraging aspects of a retreat environment. This experience is designed to sharpen your paper-writing skills and help you to develop both academically and professionally. Earlier confreats have received an overwhelmingly positive response from attendees who found them “energising”, “inspirational”, “motivating” and “essential”. We were really pleased to be able to develop, not only the attendees’ papers but also their networks and collaborative opportunities. This confreat has been designed to support the development of full papers for those aiming to submit to the ECSB RENT Conference and/or Gender Track of the ISBE conference in 2018. However, participants are welcome to submit any paper on which they are currently working, either for a conference or journal submission.
Who should attend: In order to provide quality feedback and a valuable experience this event will be limited to 24 attendees. We are particularly interested in applications from Early Career Researchers (five years or fewer post-PhD), PhD students, and/or academics who wish to build on their current publication trajectory (i.e. aim for higher-ranked journals) in the area of gender and entrepreneurship.
Submitting your abstract: This process involves submission of an extended research abstract. There are no restrictions on the topic areas for the papers, which can relate to any aspect of gender and entrepreneurship/small business. The abstracts will be blind-reviewed by members of the organising committee.
Please submit your abstract to Professor Helle Neergaard (email@example.com) by 1st February 2018.
Compulsory Abstract Format (1,000 words maximum). Please note that if you do not meet this format you will automatically be rejected. Abstract needs to include:
Objectives: e.g. What are the aims of your research? What did you want to find out? Why is this important?
Prior Work: e.g. What previous research has been done on this topic? What are the gaps your work addresses?
Approach: e.g. How did you conduct your research? What methodology and methods did you employ? How did you analyse your data?
Findings/Results: e.g. What did you find out?
Implications: e.g. What does this mean for practice, policy and/ or theory?
Value: e.g. How can others use your research? What is your contribution to theory, practice and/or policy?
Submitting the full paper: Successful candidates will be invited to submit a full paper of approximately 7,000 words by 1st June 2018. Each paper will be reviewed by a senior academic in the field, who will offer individual feedback to the author regarding how to develop their work towards journal/conference submission. Attendees will also be required to offer peer reviews on a small number of papers.
1st February 2018 – Abstract submission deadline.
1st March 2018 – Successful applicants will be notified and invited to submit full papers. They will also receive initial feedback to support full paper development. Registration opens.
31st March 2018 – Registration closes.
1st June 2018 – Full paper submission deadline.
11th -13th July 2018 – Confreat.
Fee (inc all meals and networking dinner on 11th July)
- Standard fee – 1300 DK (approx.. £155)
- Early Career – 850 DK (approx. £100)
- Standard fee – 1500 DK (approx. £180)
- Early Career- 1000 DK (approx.. £120)
PhD students – 700 DK (appox. £83)
It is really easy to travel to Aarhus (European Capital of Culture 2017) with Ryan Air from Stanstead or SAS (via Copenhagen). Here are also details of really reasonably priced accommodation in the centre of Aarhus, CABINN at www.cabinn.com
Call for Papers: Paper Accelerator Workshop on Gender and Entrepreneurship – 19 – 20 February 2018 at IÉSEG School of Management, Paris, France.
Individuals evoke cultural biases when they interpret and judge phenomena against standards and norms – or stereotypes – inherent to their own culture. Accumulating evidence suggests that cultural biases have a broad impact on gender disparities in entrepreneurial interest, activity and success. Stereotypes about women’s and men’s differing abilities can prompt women to evaluate business opportunities less favorably, lower their entrepreneurial intentions and self-efficacy, and disadvantage them in their quest for financial and social support from others (Bigelow et al. 2014; Gupta et al, 2008; 2009; Gupta and Turban, 2012; Thébaud 2010; 2015). Cultural beliefs regarding men’s and women’s roles in the family—beliefs which are variably shaped by the normative and cultural context (Chell and Baines, 1998; Nelson and Constantinidis, 2016)— can further facilitate or hinder entrepreneurial behavior (Welter et al, 2006; Cliff, 1998; Thébaud, 2015).
However, contemporary entrepreneurship research is often de-contextualized, with a relative lack of attention to the structural and cultural features that impact gender inequalities in entrepreneurial resources, strategies, and outcomes (Hughes et al, 2012; Lewis, 2014; Jennings and Brush, 2013, Ahl, 2006; Welter et al, 2016). Future research would benefit from more collaborative work across national borders which investigates how cultural biases pattern entrepreneurship differently in different contexts. We also believe that the full breadth and scope of what constitutes gender and entrepreneurship research requires extension. For example, studies investigating the impact of gender stereotypes on men entrepreneurs (Jennings and Brush, 2013) or the constraints of dominant models of masculinity for men in family business (Nelson and Constantinidis, 2016) would prove fruitful. At the same time, whiteness and masculinity continue to provide intangible resources to entrepreneurial legitimacy (Martinez Dy, et al., 2016) and there is a need for more research which addresses how intersecting identities (gender and race, social class, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability) form and shape the entrepreneurial experience.
In this workshop, we are especially interested in papers that theorize and/or empirically evaluate the ways that gender stereotypes and implicit cultural beliefs affect entrepreneurial outcomes—such as entrepreneurial interests, processes, resources, or activities. We especially welcome scholarly work that identifies how the (negative) effects of cultural biases may be mitigated in certain social contexts
This is a paper development workshop. We seek to assemble a group of mid-career researchers, with an established knowledge and experience in gender and entrepreneurship research, who are looking to accelerate existing manuscripts. Through expert reviews, discussion and feedback – from both peers and two key note speakers (Dr. Sarah Thébaud and Dr. Sally Jones) – we aim to help participants significantly improve and advance their papers.
In doing so, we hope to create, nurture and foster research collaboration between gender and entrepreneurship academics from different national contexts.
To guarantee a high quality of feedback, participation in this workshop will be limited to 15 papers. We welcome original research but will prioritize papers that have been previously presented at conferences and/or developed for journal submission. Workshop participants will be expected to read, reflect and discuss on other’s submissions.
Timeline and procedure:
- November 24th 2017: Authors invited to submit complete anonymized paper, title page (with authors’ information) and accompanying cover letter to Janice Byrne (firstname.lastname@example.org) on or before this date. The cover letter should provide information on the paper history (Just finished paper? Already submitted to a journal? Previously rejected paper?) as well as your specific questions or aspirations regarding the paper. We would also ask that you outline your areas of expertise (to facilitate matching authors and discussants in the workshop).
- December 21st 2017: Authors informed of acceptance or decline. Selection criteria include pertinence, originality, and potential contribution (either theoretical or empirical). Information provided on ‘next steps’ prior to workshop attendance.
- February 19th and 20th: PAW workshop including two key note speakers (Dr. Sarah Thebaud and Dr. Sally Jones), networking and small group based paper feedback sessions.
The workshop will be hosted by IESEG School of Management, Paris campus (Paris-La Défense), France on the 19th and 20th February 2018.
We look forward to seeing you in Paris in Spring !